Decoding Land Records: An In-Depth Manual on Register of Rights in all States and Union Territories

Find India’s unique land records’ mysteries! Examine RoR in each state and UT from Andhra Pradesh to Uttar Pradesh. Learn your country’s history quickly.



Land, a valuable asset that carries the stories of past generations, has consistently been a topic of fascination and worry. Comprehending the complexities of land records is essential in the expansive realm of real estate. A vital element for this domain is the Record of Rights (RoR), a document containing ownership information, cultivation particulars, and diverse entitlements linked to a parcel of land. Let us commence a voyage traversing the varied fabric of India, delving into the intricacies of RoR in each state and Union Territory.


The fundamental basis of land records:

Before exploring the details, it is crucial to comprehend the fundamental principles of land records. RoR, commonly known as Patta, Khata, or other regional terms, is an official document that records essential information about a parcel of land. The provided information encompasses the landowner’s name, how the land is cultivated, and any related rights or encumbrances.


Land records in Andhra Pradesh:


Commencing our expedition towards the southern region, it is worth noting that Andhra Pradesh possesses a highly advanced land record system. The RoR, or Register of Rights, or Pahani,’ is a comprehensive data source regarding land ownership, survey numbers, and crop details. The state has adopted technology, facilitating convenient online access and verifying citizens’ land records.


The ‘Pahani’ system in Telangana:


Telangana in India, the youngest state, also employs the ‘Pahani’ system, similar to other regions. This digitized platform enables landowners to access their records easily. The government’s dedication to transparency has simplified updating and managing land records.


The Cultural Fabric of Tamil Nadu:


The land record system in Tamil Nadu, a state known for its cultural richness, is referred to as ‘Chitta’ and ‘Adangal.’ These records offer valuable information regarding land ownership, classifications, and tenancy specifics. The state government’s measures have simplified modernizing and digitizing these records for public retrieval.


Karnataka’s Regional Transport Corporation (RTC) is a shining example of transparency.


Karnataka utilizes the ‘Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Crop Inspection’ (RTC) system as it moves westwardly. This document contains information on land ownership, tenancy, and crop specifics. The state has adopted modern technology, allowing citizens to authenticate and acquire their RTC (Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Crops) online.


The Diverse Topography of Maharashtra’s ‘Satbara’:


The state of Maharashtra employs the ‘Satbara’ system, a comprehensive document encompassing details regarding land ownership, survey numbers, and cultivation particulars. The state government’s endeavors to digitize these records have enabled landowners to access vital information conveniently.


Gujarat’s Technological Advancement with ‘VF7/12’:


The land record system in Gujarat, referred to as ‘VF7/12,’ contains comprehensive information about land ownership, cultivation practices, and classification. The state’s dedication to digitization has led to an intuitive online platform, granting citizens convenient and effortless access to their land records.


The Historical ‘Jamabandi’ of Rajasthan:


When traveling north to the royal state of Rajasthan, you will encounter a land record system called ‘Jamabandi.’ This document encompasses data about land ownership, cultivation particulars, and revenue records. Rajasthan has made praiseworthy endeavors to digitize these records for convenient public accessibility.


Punjab’s Land Records – An amalgamation of conventional practices and modern technology:


The ‘Jamabandi’ system is used to maintain land records in Punjab, India’s agricultural heartland. This document provides comprehensive information regarding land ownership, cultivation activities, and revenue records. The state’s digital initiatives have streamlined the process, guaranteeing that landowners can easily access their records.


The Enigma of Uttar Pradesh’s ‘Khatauni’:


In Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state, the land record system is called ‘Khatauni.’ This document encompasses data about land ownership, cultivation specifics, and revenue records. The state government’s digitization initiatives have enhanced the convenience for citizens to retrieve and authenticate their land records.


Investigating Union Territories:


In addition to the states, the Union Territories possess distinct land records management mechanisms.


Delhi is the National Capital Territory.


The land record system in Delhi is referred to as ‘Jamabandi’ in the city’s vibrant urban environment. This document provides comprehensive information regarding land ownership, cultivation, and revenue records. The government’s digital initiatives have optimized the process, allowing citizens to access their records through online platforms conveniently.


Puducherry – An Unparalleled Fusion of Eastern and Western Influences:


Puducherry, known for its scenic coastline, utilizes the ‘Patta’ system to manage land records. This document provides a comprehensive account of land ownership and revenue records. The digitization initiatives undertaken by the Union Territory have facilitated convenient access and authentication of landowners’ records.


In conclusion:


As we wrap up our exploration of the varied terrains of India, it becomes clear that the upkeep of land records is not only a bureaucratic requirement but also a vital means of empowering citizens. The shift from conventional to digital record-keeping systems has enhanced transparency and provided landowners with the convenience of accessing and verifying their records.


India’s real estate sector is constantly changing, and the government’s commitment to modernizing land records clearly demonstrates its dedication to serving the people. From the ‘Pahani’ in Telangana to the ‘Chitta’ in Tamil Nadu and the ‘VF7/12’ in Gujarat, every state and Union Territory plays a part in maintaining the diverse collection of land records that document the history and ownership of this invaluable asset.

Scroll to Top